There are four main types of Galloway Cattle:
The Galloway or Standard Galloway This is one of the world’s oldest breeds of beef cattle and was native to the Galloway district of South West Scotland where it has been known since the 1600's.  They are solid in colour, hardy, long haired and naturally polled.  A Galloway Cattle Society and the first herd book was started in 1877, and only registered black polled animals, but the recessive gene for the colour red persisted in the population, and eventually dun Galloways were also allowed into the herdbook. As a result, although black is still the most common colour for Galloways, they can also be red and several shades of dun as well as silver. Belted Galloways Were developed in the 16 - 1700's in the Galloway district from Galloway cattle and an unidentified belted animal thought to have been the Dutch Lakenvelder. The Dun and Belted Galloway Association was formed in Scotland in 1921, but in 1951 the name of the organization was changed to the Belted Galloway Society and dun cattle were no longer registered.  The Belted Galloway has a distinctive white belt while the rest of the animal can be black, red or dun, including silver. They are primarily raised for their quality marbled beef, although they are sometimes milked and purchased to adorn pastures due to their striking appearance.   White Galloways  Are a more recent addition to the Galloway family and were first registered with the NZ Galloway Cattle Society in 1994. Most White Galloways in New Zealand, Australia and Canada can be traced to Montana in the USA from around 1912 and not Scotland. The White Galloway is mainly white, with dark points:  ears, eyes, nose and feet.   The colouring of the points may be black, red or dun and some animals will also have colour on their poles, tail or udder. White Galloways, especially those that are well marked, are very attractive and appealing. Riggit Galloways                Share the characteristics of the other Galloway types, but is easily distinguished by its striking white dorsal stripe.   The main body colour is usually black, but there are occasionally dun and red Riggit animals. The Riggit was well-documented within the original polled Scottish cattle, but became greatly diminished in the late 1800’s. Seemingly this trend was partly driven by a trade which required evenly marked animals. From this, a preference was developed for plain black calves, at the expense of the Riggit.   Over several decades, Riggit Galloways were only seen as occasional throwback calves, born when the right combination of old Galloway lines were bred together. These calves were rarely retained, as they simply didn’t ‘fit the mould’.   The turnaround for these animals began in the 1980’s when a group of Scottish cattle farmers, agreed to keep, and breed, Riggit marked Galloways once more. 
Common Attributes of the Galloway Cattle: They have a long shaggy coat that has two layers. The outer layer provides protection from wind and rain, and the undercoat maintains the animal's warmth.  This reduces the need for a layer of fat below the skin. Naturally polled i.e. do not have horns. Well-suited for rough grazing land and will utilize grasses other breeds would not. Able to maintain good condition on less than ideal pasture, and produce a high quality beef product on grass alone. Easy calving, making Galloway bulls a good option for NZ dairy farmers. Calves grow rapidly and have a long life span. Known for their fertility, hardiness and ability for cows to quickly get in calf. General Galloways were first imported into New Zealand in 1947 but despite their hardiness and reputation as a beef breed they never achieved great popularity. However, Galloway meat is now increasingly available for sale in Farmers Markets and other selected outlets in New Zealand because of its quality and flavour as a slow naturally maturing "sweet" beef.  Studies have shown that Galloway beef is low in total fat and in saturated fat.  The meat is also high in beneficial Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids. Summary Although there has been a lot written about Galloway cattle over the years, the following comment made by William M’Combie, one of the founding fathers of the modern Angus breed, appears to sum up the Galloway within a few sentences. "The Galloway undoubtedly has many great qualifications. On poor land they are unrivaled, on land so poor our Aberdeens could not subsist upon it. There is no other breed worth more by the pound weight than a first-class Galloway. The Galloways are native to the country and incapable of improvement. The intelligent Galloway breeder is now perfectly satisfied that his stock can only be improved by adherence to the pure breed, and by care and selection."
Australian Galloway Association Phone: 09 232 7370   Mobile: 021 997 891      Email:  Alclutha and Glenfinnan Galloway Studs     1363 Kaiaua Road      Mangatangi     RD 3     Pokeno Copywright Alclutha Galloways 2016    @ alcluthagalloways@xtra.co.nz Sales and Services Alclutha & Glenfinnan Galloways Stock - Stud Services - Transport